RETINOLS – Developed in 1971 for treatment of acne.
ANTIOXIDANTS – In 1972 when Denham Haman wrote “Mitochondrial Theory of Ageing” scientists scoffed the idea that free radicals might play a role in ageing.
ALPHA HYDROXY ACIDS – Discovered in 1974 whole looking for a treatment for ichthyoses (dry, thickened, scaly skin) and have exploded in their use in skin care in the last 15 years.
PEPTIDES – Explosion began in the late 1980s when copper peptide was found
STEM CELL – Stem cells have recently emerged with the Swiss Apple being the first recognised